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    Crime Messages ~ Missing Kids & Adults

    Add/View messages & pictures under 'Missing Kids & Adults'

    "Ratting on Rampant Crime in South Africa"

    Establishment of the SAP CHILD PROTECTION UNIT
    Reproduced courtesy the South African Police Service
    Visit their web site at http://www.saps.gov.za

    If the involvement of children in crime is under discussion, one can distinguish between crimes by children and crimes against children. Crimes committed by children (delinquents) are investigated by the relevant unit, for example the Vehicle Theft Unit, Detective Branch, etc. Crimes against children are policed by the Child Protection Unit (CPU).

    The need to establish a unit within the South African Police Service to prevent and combat crimes against children, was identified during 1986. The primary task of the Child Protection Unit is to render a sensitive service endearing to the child victim.

    For the purpose of the Child Protection Unit's activities, a person is regarded a child if he/she is younger than 18 years. The definitions of a child, as stated in Sec 1 of the Child Care Act, 1983 (Act no 74 of 1983, as amended), and Sec 28(3) of the Constitution of the Republic of SA, 1996 (Act 108 of 1996), serve as a guide-line to determine age.


    ESTABLISHMENT : FAMILY VIOLENCE, CHILD PROTECTION AND SEXUAL OFFENCES UNIT

    During the past years the following aspects, for example, received more attention:

    • Fundamental human rights
    • Community policing
    • Insensitive policing of certain crimes, eg rape, family violence, etc.

    Due to the changing needs of the community regarding policing, Superintendent Anneke Pienaar submitted a report on the establishment of:

    • A one-stop-service and
    • A Family Violence, Child Protection and Sexual Offences Unit (FCS) [Gesinsgeweld, Kinderbeskerming en Seksuele Misdrywe-eenheid (GKS)].

    The establishment of the Family Violence, Child Protection and Sexual Offences Unit (FCS), were approved by the Provincial Commissioner, Gauteng, on 18 March 1995, and the first Branch was establishment on 18 March 1996 in Braamfontein (Johannesburg) and the second one during July 1996 in Benoni. Other units have since been established. The objective is to transform all Child Protection Units and establish Family Violence, Child Protection and Sexual Offences Units, depending on available resources and the occurrence of crimes policed by the Family Violence, Child Protection and Sexual Offences Unit.

    The following crimes will be policed by members of the Family Violence, Child Protection and Sexual Offences Unit:

    • Family Violence (intra familial, victims of 18 years of age and older):
      • Assault with the intention to do grievous bodily harm
      • Attempted murder.
    • Child Protection (victims under the age of 18 years)
      • Rape
      • "Sodomy"
      • Incest
      • Indecent assault
      • Attempted murder
      • Assault with the intention to do grievous bodily harm
      • Common assault (only if there were three or more incidents over a period of time - intra familial)
      • Kidnapping
      • Abduction
      • Crimes with regards to the abuse/exploitation of children, under the Prevention of Family Violence Act, 1993 (Act no 133 of 1993) and Domestic Violence Act, 1998 (Act no 116 of 1998)
      • Crimes with regards to the sexual exploitation of children, under the Sexual Offences Act, 1957 (Act 23 of 1957, as amended)
      • Child Care Act, 1983 (Act no 74 of 1983, as amended)
      • Films and Publication Act, 1996 (Act no 65 of 1996) with regards to child pornography.
    • Sexual Offences (victims of 18 years of age and older)
      • Rape
      • Incest
      • Indecent assault
      • Crimes with regards to the sexual exploitation of adults, under the Sexual Offences Act, 1957 (Act 23 of 1957, as amended)
      • Crimes with regards to sexual offences against adults, under the Prevention of Family Violence Act, 1993 (Act no 133 of 1993) and Domestic Violence Act, 1998 (Act no 116 of 1998)

      NUMBER OF UNITS

      At the moment there are 27 Child Protection Units (CPU), 15 Family Violence, Child Protection and Sexual Offences Units (FCS) and 4 Indecent Crimes Units situated in the main centres. Specialised individuals are policing crimes against children in the smaller centres (156 other towns across the country). These members are attached to the Detective Service.


    BIBLIOGRAPHY

    Child Care Act, 1983, (Act 74/1983, as amended)
    Constitution of the Republic of South Africa Bill, 1996 (Act 108/1996)
    Prevention of Family Violence Act, 1993 (Act 133/1993)
    Sexual Offences Act, 1957 (Act 23/1957)
    Snyman, CR. 1992. STRAFREG. Durban : Butterworths.


    "PLEASE HELP TO PRINT & DISTRIBUTE THESE PHOTOS"

    Add/View messages & pictures under 'Missing Kids & Adults'

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